How to Properly Prepare Your Asphalt Paving Project


Asphalt paving materials are an economical and attractive choice for driveways and roads. They offer cost savings while remaining slip-resistant and looking great. Additionally, asphalt can be quickly installed and needs less maintenance than other paving materials. The best way to find the Asphalt companies is Huntington Beach.

Asphalt pavements are complex mixtures composed of binders, aggregates, and fillers. Binders include large aggregates and bitumen (a black viscous substance derived from crude oil), while fillers may consist of other additives.


Preparing asphalt surfaces properly is paramount when laying it, from hiring the appropriate contractor with all of the proper equipment to clearing away old surfaces and testing water drainage – to ensure your pavement can withstand various forces, such as motor vehicles and weather elements over time.

Asphalt pavements are composed of aggregate materials like sand and crushed stone mixed with asphalt cement at temperatures that render it malleable before spreading onto the base layer of pavement using heavy-duty equipment called pavers – pieces of machinery that allow users to lay asphalt at predetermined thickness and width measurements.

After installing the base layer, workers add a binder layer composed of large aggregate and oil. A proof roll is then put over the top in order to detect any soft spots requiring sub-base work and detect soft spots where additional sub-base work needs to be performed.

Proof rolling is essential because soft spots can cause asphalt to separate from its foundation, leading to cracks and potholes. A proof roll also ensures the sub-base can support the top layer of asphalt. Next comes grading; contractors typically slope their grading toward grassy areas to prevent rainwater from collecting on their new asphalt surface and stressing it further.


Asphalt paving requires precision and should only be done within a limited window. While concrete can be poured any time of day, asphalt must be laid when its temperatures allow it to form bonds with itself and aggregate. To pave this surface properly, workers use machines such as bobcats, dump trucks, and motor graders to remove existing materials from the area that is receiving new surfaces. Once done, water drainage and grading tests should be run to ensure that it will hold after it dries out.

Once the subbase layer has been installed and any soft spots addressed, it’s time for the binder layer. This layer consists of large aggregates held together with bitumen—a petroleum-based substance—mixed in equal proportions before being ready for installation.

Hot mix asphalt and cold mix are both widely used for paving roads, driveways, and parking lots. Hot mix is typically created by heating hard-grade blown bitumen to high temperatures before mixing it with aggregate and transporting it directly to its destination site while still hot. Cold mix is made by dissolving asphalt in water using an emulsifier; it makes the cold mix more accessible to work with but eventually breaks down and loses its binding ability with aggregate particles – both techniques can be found effective at creating roads, driveways, and parking lots alike! Both forms can also be found used when creating roads, driveways, or parking lots.


Asphalt paving is not a one-size-fits-all project; different kinds of asphalt require different compaction techniques and methods. A good contractor will be able to evaluate each site individually and provide suitable equipment.

Asphalt compaction eliminates air voids in HMA pavement and forms dense, strong pavement that can withstand traffic and weather conditions. The more compacted asphalt is, the longer its performance and life cycle are likely to be.

Compaction requires a team effort. A knowledgeable asphalt specialist must always be on site to monitor and guide the process properly and keep everyone on task. This person may act as the paving quality control manager who works directly alongside construction crew members to keep everyone accountable and on schedule.

One of the most significant obstacles during the compaction of asphalt mix is cooling it to below-target density levels before rolling up the breakdown compactor.

Proper mix design will help mitigate this issue. For example, stone mastic asphalt (SMA) or Superpave mixes have lower cooling rates than open-graded mixes, which allows them to reach their target density more quickly. Furthermore, adequately designed SMA/Superpave mixes have higher workability indices, making them easier to roll and compact.


Seal coats help prevent water and petroleum products from evaporating from asphalt pavement surfaces, which leads to their deterioration. In addition, they shield underlying asphalt against sun and wind wear that wear away at it and create cracks, crumbles, or potholes over time—helping extend its life and avoid costly repairs or replacement costs later on. By adhering to proper seal coating maintenance steps, you can extend its life considerably and reduce future repair or replacement expenses.

Contractors typically use either coal tar or asphalt emulsion products for sealer application. While coal tar may be more common among residential areas, asphalt emulsion is preferred by professional crews due to its durability and resistance against fuel or chemical spills.

Pavement surfaces must be free from debris before applying sealers, typically by power washing or brooming. Any loose dirt that might interfere with asphalt’s adhesion to sealers should also be cleared away using these methods. Allowing the sealer to dry fully is also key before sealing is applied to pavement surfaces.

Asphalt paving is a complex, involved process requiring careful planning and expert execution, yet it can transform rugged terrain into smooth roads. To learn more about this rewarding experience or schedule your asphalt paving project with us today, we’re always happy to assist! AMS Paving is proud to be a certified CMCA Training Provider, offering classes that fulfill the requirements for certification with the CMCA.