Mononucleosis is a term that has several meanings. There are several types, including infectious mononucleosis, caused by the Ebola virus. Read on to learn more about the disease, how to treat it, and possible complications. Mononucleosis is characterized by symptoms such as high fever and sore throat. The infection may also be contagious.
Treatment for mononucleosis depends on the severity of the illness. The infection is often contagious and can persist for up to six months. This infection usually affects adolescents, though adults can also be infected with it. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
The main goal of treatment for this illness is to reduce the symptoms. This means that you’ll need to limit your activity. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, you may need to take extra rest for a few weeks. In addition, you should avoid vigorous exercise for a month after your symptoms subside.
Although infectious mononucleosis can be easily diagnosed, some symptoms are similar to other common illnesses. For instance, your doctor may order a throat culture to rule out other conditions like strep throat. Blood tests can also show if your white blood cells are irregular. Some doctors also use a heterophile test to test your immune system to see if it’s working correctly.
Prevention of mononucleosis includes following basic health practices and following the proper treatment for the disease. The disease is transmitted primarily through saliva, so avoiding close contact with people with the virus is critical. Additionally, it is essential to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration and rest when you’re sick.
The infection is very infectious, and it has severe consequences. In some cases, it can lead to spleen rupture and internal bleeding. People with this infection should also avoid exposure to trauma, as they may be at a higher risk for complications like hepatitis and kidney damage.
Treatment of mononucleosis depends on the type of infection you have. The symptoms usually go away on their own within two to four weeks, but the disease can sometimes lead to uncomfortable complications. During this period, you should avoid touching anyone who has mono, kissing or engaging in sexual activity. Furthermore, you should avoid sharing glasses, dishes and utensils with people with the disease.
Mononucleosis can have many different complications. First, it can cause a person to become ill, so you must see a doctor as soon as you notice any symptoms. Mono is contagious, meaning you can contract it from other people. The best way to prevent mono from spreading to others is to avoid kissing or sharing personal items. If your symptoms persist after a couple of weeks, call your doctor. Fortunately, most cases of mono are only temporary.
Some of the more common mono complications include hepatitis and liver problems. Hepatitis causes mild inflammation of the liver. It can cause pain and yellowing of the skin and eyes. Fortunately, hepatitis usually does not require treatment. However, there other possible complications include encephalitis, meningitis, and seizures.
Severe infections of infectious mononucleosis can cause serious complications. In some cases, the patient’s spleen can rupture, which can cause airway obstruction. In rare cases, the patient may have hypovolemia and hemorrhagic shock symptoms. Some patients may also experience pain in their left shoulder. In such a case, patients should receive an urgent CT scan and undergo an emergency laparotomy to remove the infection.