What is Walmart and How Does it Work?


Consumers today want value. They desire one-stop shopping and retailers who can offer them competitive prices; Walmart capitalizes on this desire for value.

Additionally, the firm focuses on sustainability and community outreach initiatives. Their sustainability efforts include reducing greenhouse gas emissions, investing in clean energy technologies, and supporting local communities.

What is Walmart?

Walmart is an international retail giant selling various goods and services at competitive prices. Operating a network of stores encompassing supercenters, discount stores, Sam’s Club warehouses, and mobile commerce sites worldwide – Walmart employs more than 2.3 million people globally from its base in Bentonville, Arkansas.

Walmart, one of the world’s largest retailers, with revenue surpassing $573 billion in 2022, was established by Sam Walton with a straightforward philosophy: keep expenses low and pass savings to customers. This success can be attributed to this simple tenet of success that remains its cornerstone today.

Walmart Plus is a loyalty program that offers members exclusive benefits, such as free two-day shipping and early access to sales and online Black Friday deals. In addition, this loyalty program also offers coupons, rewards programs, and gas discounts.

Walmart’s business model

Walmart’s business model relies on several strategies, including economies of scale, everyday low prices (EDLP), and price leadership. Furthermore, with one of the world’s largest supply chains, it enjoys unparalleled bargaining power with suppliers.

Walmart stores arrange products logically to entice customers to make additional purchases. For instance, cornflakes and milk may be placed close together to encourage customers to purchase both items simultaneously. They use cross-docking as a cost-cutting and efficiency-enhancing mechanism.

Walmart’s business model can benefit local economies by providing consumers affordable access to various goods at reasonable prices. Unfortunately, however, Walmart can have negative repercussions for small businesses operating nearby in areas where it operates. According to one researcher, these businesses lose approximately $3 per hour once Walmart opens.

Walmart’s buying strategy

Walmart’s bulk purchasing strategy allows them to reduce costs and provide products at discounted rates for customers. This approach has enabled them to become the world’s largest retailer.

Walmart stores are designed to be easily accessible to consumers, while their logistics systems efficiently run many locations. Walmart also boasts an expansive network of suppliers worldwide and trains employees to guide and motivate customers while using personal selling techniques such as samples or trial options to boost sales.

The company is committed to reducing its environmental impact and has invested significantly in green power sources like wind. As one of America’s leading corporate buyers of wind power, they aim to become carbon neutral by 2040.

Walmart’s marketing strategy

Walmart employs an effective marketing strategy centered on providing consumers with value. They utilize various tactics to accomplish their goals, including using low prices to gain market share and encouraging impulse purchases. This approach has enabled the company to become one of the world’s largest retailers.

Walmart’s pricing strategies include everyday low prices and various promotions such as Savings Catcher and Ad Match. Furthermore, Walmart employs a diversified product strategy and bulk sales to save costs, while their universal barcoding and stock-keeping unit (SKU) system helps decrease supply chain expenses.

Walmart’s marketing strategy places great emphasis on customer service. Their services, such as online ordering and grocery pickup, aim to enhance sales and customer satisfaction.

Walmart’s supply chain

Walmart utilizes numerous supply chain strategies to control costs and pass savings along to customers. For instance, they utilize electronic data interchange (EDI) technology with suppliers to place orders electronically and pay invoices electronically, thus cutting transaction costs significantly. Furthermore, Walmart employed a hub and spoke distribution system that reduces transportation expenses by transporting products directly from one warehouse into multiple stores within one region.

Walmart employs market basket analysis to understand what customers desire and need from each product they stock, designing its outlets to be easily located in cities and towns for maximum convenience while using pricing as a marketing strategy to attract new customers with reduced prices for its offerings.

Retailers that do not adhere to an effective strategy are increasingly struggling, mainly due to e-commerce sales outpacing physical store sales growth.